Eruptive Xanthomas in a Patient with Metabolic Syndrome
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Bozok University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Yozgat, Turkey
Niğde State Hospital, Department of Dermatology, Niğde, Turkey
Kayseri Training and Research Hospital, Department of Dermatology, Kayseri, Turkey
Niğde State Hospital, Department of Pathology, Niğde, Turkey
Niğde State Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, Niğde, Turkey
Publication date: 2016-08-06
Corresponding author
Emine Colgecen   

Bozok University, Medical Faculty, Department of Dermatology TR-66000 Yozgat/TURKEY
Eur J Gen Med 2016;13(3):70-71
Eruptive xanthomas are characterized by large numbers of yellow papules, typically 1-4 m in size, sometimes with an erythematous halo, sometimes pruritic, of sudden onset and generally observed on the extensor surfaces of the extremities. These are seen in less than 0.1% of diabetic patients. Diabetes mellitus is the most common secondary cause of type 5 hyperlipoproteinemia, a form of chylomcronemia. Eruptive xanthomas generally emerge at triglyceride levels above 2000 mg/dL proceeding with chylomicronemia. This case report of a 36-year-old woman diagnosed with eruptive xanthoma on the basis of clinical and histopathological findings is presented in order to emphasize that these are an important finding of diseases associated with metabolic syndrome, such as diabetes mellitus and hypertriglyceridemia.
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