Ethical values in nursing education: a literature review
More details
Hide details
Department of medical surgical Nursing, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Health Adult Nursing Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Medical Ethics and law research center, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Online publication date: 2018-02-19
Publication date: 2018-02-19
Electron J Gen Med 2018;15(3):em19
Nursing begins with education and educational ethics guarantees the health the process of teaching and learning in the universities. Exact definition of the ethical values related to learning and education helps the students to receive the best education they deserve. Moreover, it also helps to recognize the status of science and dignity of the educators. This study was adopted in order to determine ethical values for nursing education in various countries.

Material and Methods:
This literature review was conducted based on the Center for Reviews and Dissemination guidelines in 2016-17. The search of article in English was carried out in Medline, CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus, Ovid and Proquest databases. The search of article in Persian was conducted in databases of Magiran, SID, and Irandoc publication. After assessing and analyzing the obtain data, 14 articles were chosen and subjected to a thorough study.

The search led to the identification of 3 main competencies related to ethical values in nursing education, including personality competency, technical-professional competency, and socio-cultural competency.

Analysis of the literature related to ethical values in nursing education suggests that categorizing ethical values based the three aforementioned major competencies may provide a proper framework for the assessment of these values in different areas of education, research, and management in nursing education institutes and to evaluate their performance. However, considering the cultural diversity and prevailing philosophy in different societies, it is important to define these values clearly in the context of the target educational population.

Fowler MD, Davis AJ. Ethical issues occurring within nursing education. Nursing ethics. 2013;20(2):126-41. https://doi.org/10.1177/096973... PMid:23466946.
Allen M, Ogilvie L. Internationalization of higher education: potentials and pitfalls for nursing education. International Nursing Review. 2004;51(2):73-80. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466... PMid:15102111.
Harding T. Cultural safety: A vital element for nursing ethics. Nursing Praxis in New Zealand. 2013;29(1):4-12. PMid:23691756.
Choe K, Park S, Yoo SY. Effects of constructivist teaching methods on bioethics education for nursing students: A quasi-experimental study. Nurse education today. 2014;34(5):848-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt... PMid:24113052.
Elfrink V, Lutz EM. American Association of Colleges of Nursing essential values: National study of faculty perceptions, practices, and plans. Journal of Professional Nursing. 1991;7(4):239-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/8755-7....
Kiani M. essential of ethics in medical education. Iranian journal of Medical Ethics and History of Mediciene. 2011;3(8).
Soltanzadeh V, Amrahi A. Situation of the professional ethics standards of faculty members in the viewpoint of nursing students. Education Strategies in Medical Sciences. 2014;7(1):19-23.
Najafi H, Maleki H. An Assessment of Faculty Members’ Professional Ethics from Students’ Viewpoint in Medical School of Shahed University. Journal of Medical Education Development. 2016;9(21):93-102.
Melnick EA. Values education in baccalaureate nursing in the tri-state area: New York, New Jersey, Connecticut2002.
Sobhani Nejad M, Najafi H, Jafari Harandi R, Farmahini Farahani M. Teaching Professional Ethics Components from the Viewpoint of Students Qom University of Medical Sciences. Education Strategies in Medical Sciences. 2015;7(6):399-403.
Peyman H, Zarian A, Sadeghifar J, Alizadeh M, Yaghubi M, Yamani N, et al. Characteristics of a capable university teacher from the students’ point of view. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2011;10(5):1131-9.
Rosenkoetter MM, Milstead JA. A code of ethics for nurse educators: revised. Nursing ethics. 2010;17(1):137-9. https://doi.org/10.1177/096973... PMid:20089635.
Shih FJ, Lin YS, Smith MC, Liou YM, Chiang HH, Lee SH, et al. Perspectives on professional values among nurses in Taiwan. Journal of clinical nursing. 2009;18(10):1480-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365... PMid:19413538.
Salarvand S, Yamani N, Kashani F, Salarvand M, Ataei M, Hashemi Fesharaki M. Nursing Students’ Perception of Ethical and Professional Characteristics of an Ideal Faculty Member: A Qualitative Study. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2015;15:481-94.
Sharifinia h, Ebadi a, Hekmat afshar m. The Characteristics of Good Teacher Based on View Points of Students and Teachers: A Qualitative Study. journal of Health Breez. 2013;2(1):1-10.
Salminen L, Stolt M, Metsämäki R, Rinne J, Kasen A, Leino-Kilpi H. Ethical principles in the work of nurse educator—A cross-sectional study. Nurse education today. 2016;36:18-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt... PMid:26169285.
Izadikhah A, Yamani N, Mirshahjafarey I. Developing codes of ethics for clinical medicine educators. Iranian Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, 2013;1:37-52.
Ghorbani R, Haji-Aghajani S, Heidarifar M, Andade F, Shams-Abadi M. Viewpoints of nursing and para-medical students about the features of a good university lecturer. koomesh. 2009;10(2):77-84.
Farokhzadian J, Khajouei R, Ahmadian L. Information seeking and retrieval skills of nurses: Nurses readiness for evidence based practice in hospitals of a medical university in Iran. International journal of medical informatics. 2015;84(8):570-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijme... PMid:25936728.
Chenowethm L, Jeon YH, Goff M, Burke C. Cultural competency and nursing care: an Australian perspective. International Nursing Review. 2006;53(1):34-40. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466... PMid:16430758.
Campinha-Bacote J. The process of cultural competence in the delivery of healthcare services: A model of care. Journal of transcultural nursing. 2002;13(3):181-4. https://doi.org/10.1177/104596... PMid:12113146.
Mousavi Bazaz M, Karimi Moonaghi H. Cross-Cultural Competence, an Unknown Necessity in Medical Sciences Education a Review Article. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2014;14(2):122-36.
Poorchangizi, B, Farokhzadian, J, Abbaszadeh, A, Mirzaee, M, Borhani, F. The importance of professional values from clinical nurses’ perspective in hospitals of a medical university in Iran. BMC medical ethics. 2017;18(1):20.
Boozaripour, M, Abbaszadeh, A, Shahriari, M, Borhani, F. Ethical values in nurse education perceived by students and educators. Nursing ethics. 2017. https://doi.org/10.1177/096973....
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top