A qualitative assessment of barriers and facilitators to antiretroviral therapy adherence among human immunodeficiency virus patients in Jordan
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Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Yarmouk University, Irbid, JORDAN
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, JORDAN
Department of Maternal and Child Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, JORDAN
Forearms of Change Center to Enable Community, Amman, JORDAN
Publication date: 2022-07-25
Electron J Gen Med 2022;19(5):em395
To explore barriers and facilitators to antiretroviral therapy adherence among human immunodeficiency virus patients in Jordan from their perspectives.

Qualitative one-to-one interviews with HIV patients took place in a private support center that works on the inclusion of HIV patients in the society. The inclusion criteria for the study included patients who were currently receiving treatment for HIV for more than one year, has a Jordanian citizenship or residency, were at least 18 years old, and were physically and mentally competent to conduct a reliable, spoken interview.

The participants reported several barriers that negatively influenced their medication experience and adherence. These barriers included the following subthemes: accessibility, adverse reactions, financial burden, lack of support, medication manageability, psychological factors, and stigma. These facilitators included the following subthemes: benefits and QOL, fear, and support and additional services.

In summary, this is the first study in Jordan regarding HIV patients discuss the barriers and facilitator for ART adherence from their perspectives.

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