The impact of the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic on academic studies, clinical training, and their opinion on vaccination among radiography students
More details
Hide details
Department of Medical Imaging, Faculty of Applied Health science, The Hashemite University, P.O. Box 330127, Zarqa, 13133, JORDAN
College of Health and Medical Technology, Al-Zahraa University, Karbala, IRAQ
Discipline of Radiography, School of Medicine, Brookfield Health Sciences Complex, University College Cork, Cork, IRELAND
Online publication date: 2023-06-19
Publication date: 2023-09-01
Electron J Gen Med 2023;20(5):em522
Since its inception, the COVID-19 pandemic has generated challenges for healthcare professions and educational institutions worldwide. This study aimed to investigate the effect of COVID-19 on radiography students’ education in Jordan.

A cross-sectional online survey was conducted during the initial COVID-19 lockdown period (31 March to 30 May 2020). All diagnostic radiography year groups at governmental universities (the Hashemite University, Al-Hussein Bin Talal University, and Jordan University of Science and Technology) were invited to complete the anonymous survey in Jordanian using Microsoft Forms.

There were 417 responses. Findings showed that Jordan’s radiography students’ education has been significantly impacted by the COVID-19 epidemic. The majority of survey participants were not convinced the online learning platforms were user-friendly. Comparing remote teaching versus face-to-face instruction, 51% of participants had difficulty concentrating. Access to clinical placements was the biggest issue raised; 86% of respondents stated that their clinical experience differed from what was outlined in the curriculum. 42% of the students were in favor of receiving the COVID-19 vaccines.

Clinical radiography education in Jordan has been significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. The availability of necessary facilities for online training, the efficiency of the online platforms, and motivation to learn were the significant issues. The adoption of blended learning strategies and the use of simulation to enhance practical placement chances need to be taken into consideration when developing future training curricula and responses to pandemics.

WHO. Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19). World Health Organization; 2023. Available at: https://www.who.int/emergencie... (Accessed: 28 July 2022).
UNESCO. Education: From school closure to recovery. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization; 2023. Available at: https://en.unesco.org/covid19/... (Accessed: 28 July 2022).
National Defense Law. Jordan Prime Ministry; 2023. Available at: http://www.pm.gov.jo (Accessed: 28 July 2022).
Palvia S, Aeron P, Gupta P, Mahapatra D, Parida R, Rosner R, et al. Online education: Worldwide status, challenges, trends, and implications. J Glob Inf Technol Manag. 2018;21(4):233-41. https://doi.org/10.1080/109719....
Google Meet. en.wikipedia.org; 2023. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/... (Accessed: 28 July 2022).
Microsoft Teams. en.wikipedia.org; 2023. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/... (Accessed: 28 July 2022).
E-student.org. 100 essential e-learning statistics for 2020. E-student.org; 2023. Available at: https://e-student.org/e-learni... (Accessed: 28 July 2022).
Solís-Barquero SM, Valerio MR, McNulty JP, Contreras PR, Ríos J, González H, et al. The impact of COVID-19 upon student radiographers and clinical training in Latin America. Radiography. 2022;28(4):933-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radi... PMid:35830788 PMCid: PMC9212899.
Lawson Jones G, York H, Lawal O, Cherrill R, Mercer S, McCarthy Z. The experience of diagnostic radiography students during the early stages of the COVID‐19 pandemic–A cross‐sectional study. J Med Radiat Sci. 2021;68(4):418-25. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmrs.5... PMid:34482617 PMCid:PMC8655757.
Rainford LA, Zanardo M, Buissink C, Decoster R, Hennessy W, Knapp K, et al. The impact of COVID-19 upon student radiographers and clinical training. Radiography. 2021; 27(2):464-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radi... PMid:33223416 PMCid:PMC7834574.
Harvard. Coronavirus communications. Harvard University; 2023. Available at: https://hms.harvard.edu/corona... (Accessed: 28 July 2022).
Sandhu P, de Wolf M. The impact of COVID-19 on the undergraduate medical curriculum. Online Med Educ. 2020;25(1):1764740. https://doi.org/10.1080/108729... PMid:32400298 PMCid:PMC7269089.
Mohakud S, Ranjan A, Naik S, Deep N. COVID-19 preparedness for portable x-rays in an Indian hospital–Safety of the radiographers, the frontline warriors. Radiography (Lond). 2020; 26(3):270-1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radi... PMid:32327384 PMCid:PMC7167544.
McNulty J. Radiographers on the frontline. J Health Manag. 2020;20(5):384-5.
McNulty J, Newman D. EFRS e-learning platform on COVID-19 training for radiographers. Available at: www.efrs.eu (Accessed: 28 July 2022).
Wu Y, Wang J, Luo C, Hu S, Lin X, Anderson AE, et al. A comparison of burnout frequency among oncology physicians and nurses working on the frontline and usual wards during the COVID-19 epidemic in Wuhan, China. J Pain Symptom Manag. 2020; 60(1):e60-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpai... PMid:32283221 PMCid:PMC7151285.
Albott CS, Wozniak JR, McGlinch BP, Wall MH, Gold BS, Vinogradov S. Battle buddies: Rapid deployment of a psychological resilience intervention for health care workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Anesth Analg. 2020;131(1):43-54. https://doi.org/10.1213/ANE.00... PMid:32345861 PMCid:PMC7199769.
El-Hage W, Hingray C, Lemogne C, Yrondi A, Brunault P, Bienvenu T, et al. Les professionnels de santé face à la pandémie de la maladie à coronavirus (COVID-19): Quels risques pour leur santé mentale ? [Health professionals facing the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: What are the mental health risks?]. Encephale. 2020;46(3S):S73-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ence... PMid:32370984 PMCid:PMC7174182.
Tay YX, Song LH, Chow HC, Zainuldin MR. Clinical placements for undergraduate diagnostic radiography students amidst the COVID-19 pandemic in Singapore: Preparation, challenges and strategies for safe resumption. J Med Imaging Radiat Sci. 2020;51(4):560-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmir... PMid:32868260 PMCid:PMC7434406.
Sindiani AM, Obeidat N, Alshdaifat E, Elsalem L, Alwani MM, Rawashdeh H, et al. Distance education during the COVID-19 outbreak: A cross-sectional study among medical students in North of Jordan. Ann Med Surg. 2020;59:186-94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amsu... PMid:33042535 PMCid:PMC7531436.
Cao W, Fang Z, Hou G, Han M, Xu X, Dong J, et al. Distance education during the COVID-19 outbreak: A cross-sectional study among medical students in North of Jordan. Ann Med Surg. 2020;59:186-94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amsu... PMid:33042535 PMCid:PMC7531436.
Wang G, Zhang Y, Zhao J, Zhang J, Jiang F. Mitigate the effects of home confinement on children during the COVID-19 outbreak. Lancet. 2020;395:945-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-... PMid:32145186.
Bao Y, Sun Y, Meng S, Shi J, Lu L. 2019-nCoV epidemic: Address mental health care to empower society. Lancet. 2020;395(10224):e37-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-... PMid:32043982.
Ofori-Manteaw BB, Dzidzornu E, Akudjedu TN. Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on clinical radiography education: Perspective of students and educators from a low resource setting. J Med Imaging Radiat Sci. 2022;53(1):51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmir... PMid:34857497 PMCid:PMC8603034.
Srichanyachon N. The barriers and needs of online learners. Turkish Online J Distance Educ. 2014;15(3):50-9. https://doi.org/10.17718/tojde....
Luongo N. An examination of distance learning faculty satisfaction levels and self-perceived barriers. J Educ Online. 2018;15(2):1-12. https://doi.org/10.9743/jeo.20....