The psychological distress mediates the relationship between electronic devices use and insomnia in adolescents
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Department of Community and Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, The Hashemite University, P.O. Box 150459, Zarqa 13115, JORDAN
Faculty of Medicine, Al-Balqa university, Al-Salt 19117, JORDAN
Independent Researcher, JORDAN
Department of Basic Sciences, Zarqa College, Al-Balqa Applied University, Al-Salt 19117, JORDAN
AL-Mafraq Governmental Hospital-Ministry of Health, Al-Mafraq, JORDAN
Publication date: 2022-07-15
Electron J Gen Med 2022;19(5):em393
The relationships among electronic devices (e-devices) use, insomnia, and psychological distress are complex. This study aimed to examine the relationships between e-devices use and the outcomes of insomnia and psychological distress with insomnia and psychological as mediators.

This is a correlational study utilized cross-sectional data on hours of e-devices use, insomnia, and psychological distress from 485 randomly selected Jordanian adolescents. The PROCESS macro for SPSS was used for the aim of this study.

The hours of e-devices use predicted psychological distress. The results of mediation analysis showed that the relationship between the hours of e-devices use, and insomnia was mediated by psychological distress scores (indirect effect size=.0462 with 95% confidence interval (CI) .0095 and .0837). However, the relationship between the hours of e-devices use and psychological distress was not mediated by insomnia (indirect effect size=.0247 with 95% CI -.0063 and .0569).

The hours of e-devices use may exert its effect on insomnia through psychological distress, which may lead to insomnia. This data does not support the hypothesis that insomnia may mediate the relationship between e-devices use and psychological distress. Further research on this topic is warranted. The study supports policymakers and a collaborative team of parents, educators, and health professionals to prevent the harmful effects of excessive e-devices.

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