A patient with toxic encephalopathy associated with acute carbon monoxide poisoning–A clinical case
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Department of Optometry and Occupational Diseases, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University Varna, Varna, BULGARIA
Department of Neurological Diseases and Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University Varna, Varna, BULGARIA
Online publication date: 2023-02-03
Publication date: 2023-05-01
Electron J Gen Med 2023;20(3):em467
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and lacking in irritative properties gas. It has a higher affinity towards hemoglobin than oxygen and thus the complex carboxyhemoglobin develops. Acute CO poisoning leads to poly-organic insufficiency and the organs that suffer the most are the ones with higher oxygen needs- the brain, the heart and the kidneys. We present a clinical case of 49-year-old woman with a sudden appearance of complaints of dizziness, stiffness throughout the entire body, inability to move. Subsequently she was found by her relatives with disorientated and “foaming around her mouth”. Earlier she had been using a gasoline generator because of a power outage. Her laboratory results came out with higher carboxyhemoglobin (40%), nitrogen waste products and mixed type acidosis. From the conducted brain MRI there were changes, correlating to toxic encephalopathy after acute CO poisoning.
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