Association of abdominal obesity and systolic blood pressure indices with cardiovascular disease risk prediction among community-dwelling older adults
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Division of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Phayao, Phayao, THAILAND
Division of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Medical Sciences, University of Phayao, Phayao, THAILAND
Division of Microbiology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Phayao, Phayao, THAILAND
Division of Anatomy, School of Medical Sciences, University of Phayao, Phayao, THAILAND
Online publication date: 2023-01-20
Publication date: 2023-03-01
Electron J Gen Med 2023;20(2):em458
Excess adiposity is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), therefore the early screening indies with predicted CVD risk is more useful for older adults. The current study evaluated the associations between anthropometric, body composition and dietary indices and elevated 10-year CVD risk in older people.

This research, which involved 55 to 94-year-olds living in the community. Standard techniques were used to determine anthropometric factors and body composition indicators. The risk prediction chart created by World Health Organization and International Society of Hypertension was used to calculate the CVD risk score. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were determined.

CVD risk prediction was positively correlated with the anthropometric and body composition parameters. After controlling for confounding variables, the logistic regression analysis revealed that waist circumference (OR=16.34; 95% CI: 7.22, 36.98; p<0.001), systolic blood pressure (BP) (OR=9.53; 95% CI: 4.52, 20.07; p<0.001), and visceral adipose tissue percentage (OR=5.47; 95% CI: 2.98, 10.01; p<0.001) were correlated with cardiovascular risk prediction.

Abdominal obesity and increase of systolic BP were associated to increased risk for CVD. Additionally, a positive association between the risk factors for CVD (%visceral adipose tissue) and diet (cholesterol consumption) was established.

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