Awareness of chronic kidney disease and its risk factors in the former Soviet Union countries
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Department of Medicine, Nazarbayev University School of Medicine, Astana, KAZAKHSTAN
Department of Internal, Occupational Diseases and Rheumatology, Tareev Clinic of Internal Diseases, Sechenov University, Moscow, RUSSIA
Department of Internal Diseases, Nephrology and Hemodialysis, Tashkent Pediatric Medical Institute, Tashkent, UZBEKISTAN
Department of Adult & Pediatric Nephrology, Republican Specialized Scientific Practical Medical Center of Nephrology & Kidney Transplantation, Tashkent, UZBEKISTAN
Department of Immunogenetics, Republican Specialized Scientific Practical Medical Center of Nephrology and Kidney Transplantation, Tashkent, UZBEKISTAN
Department of Efferent Technologies, SI Institute of Nephrology of NAMS of Ukraine, Kyiv, UKRAINE
Department of Nephrology, National Center for Cardiology and Internal Medicine, Bishkek, KYRGYZSTAN
Department of Nephrology, Azerbaijan Medical University, Baku, AZERBAIJAN
Department of Nephrology, National Medical Center “SHIFOBAKHSH”, Dushanbe, TAJIKISTAN
Tbilisi State Medical University and Ingorokva High Medical Technology University Clinic, Nephrology Division, Tbilisi, GEORGIA
Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, CANADA
Online publication date: 2023-08-01
Publication date: 2023-11-01
Electron J Gen Med 2023;20(6):em528
Assessment of public knowledge of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an essential step in development of CKD prevention and screening programs. Our aim was to estimate the level of public CKD knowledge and its predictors in the former Soviet Union countries using a validated questionnaire.

Materials and methods:
This cross-sectional survey was conducted in 10 countries using an adapted validated online questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to describe participants’ characteristics and assess public CKD knowledge level. A multiple linear regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of CKD knowledge.

2,715 participants satisfied the inclusion criteria. Respondents having higher level of education, living in countries belonging to the lower middle-income countries, having a personal history of diabetes and hypertension, and having a family history of kidney disease showed significantly better CKD knowledge.

The level of CKD knowledge among the population of post-Soviet states was found to be low, although some personal characteristics were associated with better CKD knowledge.

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