Epidemiological characteristics and seasonal variation of measles, pertussis, and influenza in Kazakhstan between 2010-2020 years
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Department of Medicine, Nazarbayev University School of Medicine, Astana, KAZAKHSTAN
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Nazarbayev University School of Medicine, Astana, KAZAKHSTAN
Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Astana Medical University, Astana, KAZAKHSTAN
Clinical Academic Department of Internal Medicine, CF “University Medical Center”, Astana, KAZAKHSTAN
Online publication date: 2022-11-08
Publication date: 2023-01-01
Electron J Gen Med 2023;20(1):em428
Vaccine-preventable diseases such as pertussis, measles, and influenza remain among the most significant medical and socioeconomic issues in Kazakhstan, despite significant vaccination achievements. Thus, here we aimed to analyze the long-term dynamics and provide information on the current epidemiology of pertussis, measles, and influenza in Kazakhstan.

A retrospective analysis of the long-term dynamics of infectious diseases was carried out using the data from the statistical collections for 2010-2020 and the Unified Payment System from 2014 to 2020.

During the 2010-2020 years, the long-term dynamics show an unequal distribution of pertussis, measles, and influenza-related morbidity. In comparison with earlier years, registration of infectious disease was the highest in 2019 and 2020. The incidence cases among registered infectious diseases in 2019 were: pertussis-147, measles-13,326, and in 2020: influenza-2,678. High incidence rates have been documented in Pavlodar, North Kazakhstan, Mangystau regions, and the cities of Shymkent and Nur-Sultan. The incidence varies depending on the seasonality: pertussis (summer-autumn), measles (winter-spring), and influenza (mostly in winter).

The findings highlight the importance of focusing more on the characteristics of the epidemic process of vaccine-preventable diseases in order to assess the effectiveness of implemented measures and verify new routes in strengthening the epidemiological surveillance system.

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