Psychological health outcome of Sub-Saharan African migrants in Germany
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Faculty of Humanities, North-West University, Mafikeng, SOUTH AFRICA
Faculty of Life Sciences, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, GERMANY
Department of Social Work, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Satin, HONG KONG
Center for Psychosocial Medicine, Department of Medical Psychology, University Medical Center, Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, GERMANY
Online publication date: 2022-11-02
Publication date: 2023-01-01
Electron J Gen Med 2023;20(1):em428
African migrants living in Europe have an increased risk of adverse psychological health outcomes compared to people without a migration background. The increased vulnerability may be due to their migration experience and possible challenges in adapting and integrating into the host community. This study explores the association between community solidarity and psychological health outcome among Sub-Saharan African (SSA) migrants in Germany. The study used data from 518 SSA migrants in Germany collected in a cross-sectional survey across the 16 German federal states. A correlation matrix was computed to evaluate the bivariate relationship between psychological health, community solidarity, and socioeconomic, and demographic features. Furthermore, regression models were calculated to predict the effect of community solidarity on psychological health outcomes and the added predictive effects of socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. Community solidarity shows a moderately significant positive association with psychological health (r=.41; p≤.01). A linear regression model suggests that community solidarity, education and age explained 19% of the variance in psychological health scores for SSA migrants in Germany. These results confirm community solidarity as a significant but multi-layered determinant of various factors that affect migrants’ psychological wellbeing. It supports implementing policies that promote community solidarity to facilitate SSA migrants’ wellbeing.
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