Pain in COVID-19: Quis est culpa?
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A. Getlik Clinic for Children and Adolescents SMU and UHB, Slovak Medical University in Bratislava, Bratislava, SLOVAK REPUBLIC
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, UKRAINE
2nd Surgical Clinic of the Medical Faculty of Comenius University, Bratislava, SLOVAK REPUBLIC
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Slovak Medical University in Bratislava, Bratislava, SLOVAK REPUBLIC
Online publication date: 2022-11-26
Publication date: 2023-01-01
Electron J Gen Med 2023;20(1):em435
At present, during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, chronic pain is becoming more prominent, and it is also associated with the post-COVID-19 syndrome. Thanks to quick decisions on the therapy and as part of COVID-19 prevention, we have succeeded in stabilising the situation all over the world. On the other hand, ‘quick decisions’ have contributed to other significant issues which we are beginning to deal with now: in the effort to defeat the virus, many experts regarded the adverse effects of the medications used to be of secondary importance.

The article aims to demonstrate the side effects of treatment with various drugs (and their combinations) that are used to treat COVID-19 disease.

From the beginning of January until mid-May, the COVID-19 department of the 2nd Surgical Clinic of the Faculty of Medicine of the Comenius University in Bratislava (University Hospital Bratislava, Hospital of Saints Cyril and Methodius) treated 221 patients with moderate and severe course of COVID-19 (2nd wave of the pandemic). We saw some adverse effects and lack of effect of certain drugs for COVID-19.

The benefits of preventive measures compared to treatment are enormous. For example, corticoids can impair metabolism, cause diabetes, or suppress immunity. Antibiotics may cause colitis and blood pressure medications may negatively impact blood circulation.

Preventive measures such as vaccination and activation of intrinsic antiviral immune systems are based on an incomparable benefit. Important in the process of the activation of antiviral immunity (linked to interferon synthesis) in the prevention of COVID-19 is the improvement of vitamin D deficit and the use of other micronutrients.

Practical value:
The results of the study will be valuable in the field of medicine, for virologists, pharmacologists, pharmacists, and medical professionals.

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