Complete blood count derived inflammatory biomarkers and the level of anti-SARS-CoV-2 NAb and S-RBD IgG among cancer survivors receiving COVID-19 vaccines
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Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital-Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, INDONESIA
Department of Clinical Pathology, Yarsi University, Jakarta, INDONESIA
Department of Internal Medicine, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital-Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, INDONESIA
Online publication date: 2023-01-19
Publication date: 2023-03-01
Electron J Gen Med 2023;20(2):em456
In the era of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), it is mandatory to identify vulnerable people with cancers as they have impaired immune system that can lead to high mortality. This study analyzes the complete blood count (CBC) derived inflammatory biomarkers and the level of anti-SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibody (NAb) and spike protein’s receptor-binding domain immunoglobulin G (S-RBD IgG) among cancer survivors.

A cross-sectional study was conducted in patients with either solid or hematological cancers who had received two-doses of COVID-19 vaccinations within six months.

From 119 subjects, the COVID-19 vaccines demonstrated laboratory efficacy (median NAb=129.03 AU/mL; median S-RBD IgG=270.53 AU/mL). The seropositive conversion of NAb reached 94.1% and S-RBD IgG reached 93.3%. Additionally, the S-RBD IgG had very weak correlation with absolute monocyte count (R=-0.185; p-value=0.044). The NAb also had very weak correlation with leukocyte (Kendall’s tau-b (τb)=-0.147; p-value=0.019), absolute neutrophil count (τb=-0.126; p-value=0.044), absolute eosinophil count (τb=-0.132; p-value=0.034).

The seropositivity rate of anti-SARS-CoV-2 NAb and S-RBD IgG were significantly high. However, the CBC derived inflammatory biomarkers had poor correlation with anti-SARS-CoV-2 NAb and S-RBD IgG. Thus, anti-SARS-CoV-2 NAb and S-RBD IgG are currently the only reliable markers for measuring the COVID-19 vaccine efficacy which should be widely accessible.

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