What is the perception of medical students about eLearning during the COVID-19 pandemic? A multicenter study in Peru
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School of Medicine, Faculties of Health Science, Universidad Norbert Wiener, Lima, PERU
Hospital Nacional Docente Madre-Niño San Bartolomé, Lima, PERU
Education Unit, Nesh Hubbs, Lima, PERU
Hospital Regional de Ica, Ica, PERU
Graduate School, Universidad Norbert Wiener, Lima, PERU
Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, Universidad Norbert Wiener, Lima, PERU
South America Center for Education and Research in Public Health, Universidad Norbert Wiener, Lima, PERU
Publication date: 2022-07-28
Electron J Gen Med 2022;19(6):em402
As face-to-face medical education was restricted during the pandemic; digital tools have been deployed to continue education showing a good educational impact in most countries. However, the perception of medical students in Peru on eLearning has not yet been investigated. This study assessed the perception of 440 medical students from two national universities in Peru on the characteristics and limitations of eLearning during 2021.

Material and Methods:
We conducted a cross-sectional study using the self-administered survey Encuesta Virtual en Tiempos de COVID-19 (EVI-CV19) on students between the second and sixth medical year of the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (UNMSM) and the Universidad Nacional San Luis Gonzaga (UNSLG, n=325).

The majority of students were under 30 years of age (93.9% vs. 97.2%, p=0.084), and female (67% vs. 64%, p=0.107). Of the total, 63.9% and 81.5% UNMSM and UNSLG students considered the virtual platform effective in favouring feedback with recorded lectures (85.2% vs. 85.5%) and the organization of documents (61.7% vs. 80.9%), respectively (p>0.05). Seventy per cent and 46.8% of UNMSM and UNSLG students perceived that teachers were not trained (p=0.063), and 26.1% and 17.2% of students perceived that the virtual modality affected their academic performance a lot, respectively (p=0.003). About 38% of students from both universities perceived the virtual platforms as very secure. We found differences between UNMSM and UNSLG students on whether the virtual exams were fair (28.7% vs. 52.3%, p<0.001).

This study reported a favorable perception of medical eLearning with clear differences in the limitations of the virtual environment.

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